Native Plant List for the Perkiomen Creek Watershed

Native plants grow well with little maintenance because they are adapted to Pennsylvania’s environmental and climatic conditions. Native plants provide a wealth of benefits, providing food and cover for native wildlife, while attracting butterflies, birds and, beneficial insects. Use this list to create a beautiful and environmentally friendly landscape on your property; plant a rain garden, a stormwater basin, create a pollinator garden, or replace your nonnative landscape plants with natives. Be sure to thoroughly research each species in order to select the best plants for your site. Please note the lists below do not name all Pennsylvania native plants.

 

Grasses

Scientific name           
Andropogon gerardii
Andropogon virginicus
Carex crinita
Carex laxiculmis
Carex pensylvanica
Chasmanthium latifolium
Eriophorum virginicum
Hystrix patula

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Panicum virgatum
  
Schizachyrium scoparium
Sorghastrum nutans 
Sporobolis heterolepis
  

  Chasmanthium latifolium , Sea Oats

Chasmanthium latifolium, Sea Oats

Common name
Big Bluestem
Broomsedge
Fringed Sedge
Spreading Sedge
Pennsylvania Sedge
Sea Oats
Tawny Cottongrass
Bottle Brush Grass
Pink Muhly Grass
Switchgrass
Little Bluestem
Indiangrass 
Prairie Dropseed

 

Perennial Flowering Plants

Agastache foeniculum
Allium cernuum
Anemone canadensis

Anemone virginiana
Aquilegia canadensis
 
Asarum canadense
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias syriaca

Asclepias tuberosa
Baptisia australis
Caltha palustris
Chelone glabra
Chrysogonum virginianum

Desmodium canadense
Dicentra eximia
Eupatorium purpureum
Rudbeckia hirta 
Echinacea purpurea
Eupatorium coelestinum

Eutrochium purpureum
Eurybia divaricata
Gentiana andrewsii

Geranium maculatum
Helenium
 autumnale
Helianthus divaricatus
Heliopsis helianthoides

Heuchera macrorhiza
Hibiscus moscheutos
Iris versicolor
Liatris spicata
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Mertensia virginica
Mimulus ringens
 
Monarda didyma
Mondarda fistulosa
Monarda media
 
Penstemon digitalis  
Phlox paniculata
Physostegia virginiana
Pycnanthemum muticum
Ratibida pinnata

Rudbeckia hirta
Ruellia humilis
Sanguinaria canadensis

Sedum ternatum
Solidago bicolor
Solidago canadensis

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Tiarella cordifolia
Vernonia noveboracensis

Viola pensylvanica
Zizia aurea

Ansie Hyssop
Nodding Onion
Canada Anemone
Thimbleweed
Red Columbine
Wild Ginger
Swamp Milkweed
Common Milkweed
Butterfly Milkweed
Blue False Indigo
Marsh Marigold
White Turtlehead
Green and Gold
Showy Tick Trefoil
Wild Bleeding Heart
Purple Joe Pye Weed
Black-Eyed Susan
Purple Coneflower
Blue Mistflower
Joe Pye Weed
White Wood Aster
Bottle Gentian
Spotted Geranium
Dog Tooth Daisy
Woodland Sunflower
Oxeye Sunflower
Alumroot
Rose Mallow
Blue Flag Iris
Blazing Star
Cardinal Flower
Great Blue Lobelia
Virginia Bluebell
Monkey Flower
Scarlet Bee Balm
Bee Balm
Purple Bee Balm
Foxglove Beardtongue
Fall Phlox
Obedient Plant
Clustered Mountain Mint
Greyheaded Coneflower
Black Eyed Susan
Wild Petunia
Bloodroot
Woodland Stonecrop
White Goldenrod
Canadian Goldenrod
New England Aster
Aromatic Aster
Heartleaf Foamflower
New York Ironweed
Pennsylvania Violet
Golden Alexander

  Asclepias tuberosa , Butterfly Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa, Butterfly Milkweed

  Eupatorium coelestinum , Blue Mistflower

Eupatorium coelestinum, Blue Mistflower

  Mertensia virginica , Virginia Bluebell

Mertensia virginica, Virginia Bluebell

  Symphyotrichum novae-angliae , New England Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster

Shrubs

Amelanchier arborea
Aronia melanocarpa
Aronia arbutifolia
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Clethra alnifolia
Cornus florida
Cornus sericea
Cornus racemosa
Cornus amomum
Dirca palustris
Hamamelis virginiana
Hydrangea arborescens
Hydrangea quercifolia
Ilex glabra
Ilex verticillata
Itea virginica
Kalmia latifolia
Linden benzoin
Myrica pennsylvanica
Physocarpus opulifolius

Sambucus canadensis
Vaccinium corymbosum
Viburnum recognitum
Viburnum dentatum

  Hydrangea arborescens , Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens, Hydrangea

Serviceberry
Black Chokeberry
Red Chokeberry
Buttonbush
Summersweet
Flowering Dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood
Gray Dogwood
Silky Dogwood
Leatherwood
Witchhazel
Hydrangea
Oakleaf Hydrangea
Inkberry Holly
Winterberry Holly
Virginia Sweetspire
Mountain Laurel
Spicebush
Northern Bayberry
Common Ninebark
Canada Elderberry
Highbush Blueberry
Northern Arrowwood
Southern Arrowwood

 

Trees

Acer negundo
Acer pensylvanicum
Acer rubrum

Acer saccharum
Acer saccharinum
Betula alleghaniensis

Betula lenta
Betula nigra
Carpinus caroliniana
Carya glabra
Carya ovata
Celtis occidentalis
Cercis canadensis
Fagus grandifolia
Liriodendron tulipifera

Liquidambar styraciflua
Magnolia virginiana
Nyssa sylvatica
Pinus strobus

Platanus occidentalis
Quercus palustris

Quercus bicolor 
Quercus rubra
Quercus velutina
Quercus phellos
Sassafras albidum

Taxodium distichum
Tsuga canadensis

  Quercus rubra , Red Oak

Quercus rubra, Red Oak

Box Elder
Striped Maple
Red Maple
Sugar Maple
Silver Maple
Yellow Birch
Sweet Birch
River Birch
American Hornbeam
Pignut Hickory
Shagbark Hickory
Hackberry
Eastern Redbud
American Beech
Tulip Poplar
Sweetgum
Sweetbay Magnolia
Black Gum
Eastern White Pine
Sycamore
Pin Oak
Swamp White Oak
Red Oak
Black Oak
Willow Oak
Sassafras
Bald Cypress
Eastern Hemlock